Tag: planet

Circadian clock

I created a light and night clock (the needle has a 360 degree rotation during sunlight and another revolution during nighttime), seeking to encourage a wider environmental awareness and to reshape everyday behaviours. It emphasises that we are part of nature with a natural cycle and that we don’t listen anymore in the modern way of living. This project aims to coordinate ourselves in a more adequate way, weaving ‘human time’ with ‘environmental time’, particularly important in the current context of environmental and social crisis.
 

 

I created two different face of the clock, one in plywood for indoor public places and mirror acrylic one for outdoor.
 
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From the study “Time Flies” I found that there is little chance to interfere in private life or modify routine. By using public spaces and in-between places I can engage stakeholders. Urban installations exhibiting objective data have the potential to elicit reflection, change or action, playing a critical role in the construction and reflection of social behaviour  (Claes & Vande Moere, 2013; Galloway, 2004).
 
The image engraved on the clocks are drawings of lace lichen. They are one of the most documented bio-indicators. Usually growing on Oak tree, their diversity correlates directly with air quality and human health. It is view as the symbol of  wisdom of time, an evolving barometer of climatic change, a biological indicator (Bardell, Bucknum, & Howe, 2012).
 
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The clock is composed of a stepper motor of 200 steps, an Arduino YUN, a motor shield, a battery pack and a NeoPixel Ring. It is connected to the WIFI and will be able to geo-localise itself in the future. For now the location is given to the program, then from this information, it gets the time of sunrise, sunset and the actual clock time from the online data base. The rate of each step is calculated depending of the length of day light or night, allowing the needle to do 360 degrees in day time and the same in night time. The user will be able to see when looking at the clock if there is more or less of the day remaining with light in comparison with what already passed.
 

 

Sources:

Bardell, F., Bucknum, B., & Howe, B. (2012). Wired Wilderness.   Retrieved 25/03/15, from https://climateclock.wordpress.com/residency-finalists/wired-wilderness/

Claes, S., & Vande Moere, A. (2013). Street infographics: raising awareness of local issues through a situated urban visualization. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2nd ACM International Symposium on Pervasive Displays.

 

Listen to the trees

people listening to tree.psd

 

One of my ideas was to hack a stethoscope to make it a tool to listen to the nature. I made some research around this topic in a previous post.
What does a tree sound like ? A leaf ? A flower ? By making people listen to nature for real, it could help to encourage to reflect on our relation with the planet. Making remember that it is our host, it makes us be alive and that we have a duty to behave for the good of it and not to destroy it like we do nowadays.

 

PlanetGuard

I conducted a quick study on the job of Lifeguard. As previously said, I know this job particularly well as it was my student job for 8 years. In the mind of people, it is easy you just spend your days waiting. It is true for the last part, you wait a lot but it is not easy. Your body is in pause, but you have to fight to not put your mind in pause too, as you have to constantly be alert to detect if someone need help; the noise is also very tiring. Moreover, most of the interventions are preventives. It is like ‘Minority report’ you alert or even punish before something happen, trying to visualise what could happen in the future, preventing potential accident to happen.

As the Lifeguard do, should we all keep an eye, not on people swimming, but on the planet and prevent disaster ? Could we all become PLANETguard. The question is how to get people to watch and prevent the disaster ?

First experimentation

What I have done so far is ask my college in France to answer 10 open questions, like I would have done in an interview, but by sending a form it allow me for a first stage to get more answer from more people, with taking little of their time instead of 1 hour. I managed to get 5 answers. The results are in french and anonymous.

 

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Results

The questions are around the way they invigilate the swimming pool, how they manage to stay focussed, if they choose to prevent or wait for a problem to happen, and how they detect that something bad could happen. Finally I ask if they needed a tool or an invention to help them to do a better job. In the answers I had, they insist a lot on the prevention, someone even say that it is a bit like being a voyeur. Concentration comes with experience because you can detect problem before they arrive, they develop a 6th sense. One person told me that first she use prevention but if the person doesn’t care she wait for the problem to happen so the public take consciousness of the risk. To do the job well they recommend to move, be in action, fight agains monotony, and prevention is the key word. The would suggest camera under the water, give a better education to the people, and a good one is create bionics ears to detect calls for help.

Conclusion

From the answers, I should find something to educate / create a detector of danger / an alert system / a way to see under the planet, listen to it more carefully / foster mobility.

Second experimentation

 

 

I ask them to attach a camera to the chair from where they work to film their face. I wanted to analyse the face and the method form another point of view (not my internal one). Thanks to Jean Michel and Simon for doing it. I got two video, from a quite swimming pool in my home town Le Mans. They could not instal it in one of the busy swimming pool for security and privacy policy purpose. I only have 2 persons, and you feel that there is no one to look after. At first I thought I would not be able tu use the videos at all. But After looking at it few times, even if there is not a lot of people to look after, they have their eyes almost constantly on the pool. They seems relax at first but when you zoom on the eyes you can detect the concentration. it should be like it for everyone towards the planet: live your life: be relax, but have constantly an eye on it, without even have consciousness of it.

From these reflection I made this little clip.

 

 

Sound of nature

Artists, scientists and designers collaborate on different projects to explore the sound of nature.

Like a person gasping for air when it’s in short supply, living trees make noises when they are running out of water, and a team of French scientists is a step closer to pinpointing the noises. Lab experiments at Grenoble University in France have isolated ultrasonic pops, which are 100 times faster than what a human can hear, in slivers of dead pine wood bathed in a hydrogel to simulate the conditions of a living tree.

The findings could lead to the design of a handheld device that allows people to diagnose stressed trees using only microphones. Such a device may be particularly important if droughts become more common and more severe, as many global warming models predict they will.

Media artist Bartholomaus Traubeck has figured out a way to create music from a cross section of a tree. He tells host Bruce Gellerman that he plays the tree’s rings like a record’s grooves.

While listening to the headphones hanging from the trees branches you can hear water being pulled up from the roots to the leaves through the xylem tubes.  You will hear a quiet popping sound that is produced by the water passing through the cells of the Xylem tubes and cavitating as it mixes with air on its’ way upwards. A deep rumbling sound that is produced by the tree moving vibrating.
As the leaves lose the water through evaporation the cells below the leaf become drier and they in turn pull water from the next cells below, this carries on down the tree all the way down to the roots. The water molecules cling together and form a water chain from the leaves to the roots under tension-cohesion.
The ‘Tree Listening Project’ aims to provide an experience that links both science and art by engaging the public with what happens inside a tree, and to excite and inspire a keen interest in trees.

It’s long been known that cavitations — air bubbles that block the flow of water throughout the tree — make a sound that can be heard with a microphone. If too many of these cavitations occur, such as we might see in drought conditions, a tree can die.

  • Finally, it is symphony of sounds from the Washington Park Arboretum called ‘Music of Trees’ – streams gurgling, flies dancing on a microphone, squirrels rustling through the underbrush – has been transformed. by the composer Abby Aresty. The music is part natural, part imagined.

 Aresty writes, “When I began working on this site I was excited to explore sounds of new life around this gigantic fallen limb . . . On a few occasions I brought a homemade contact microphone to this site. (Like its name suggests, it picks up sounds by touch rather than through the air.) Though I was outwitted by many an ant – they refused to climb over it – the flies loved it. When they landed on the small disk I was able to capture the normally inaudible rhythmic patterns the flies create as they dance about.”

Synthesis of where I am in the process of my personal project

This year I am working mainly on the concept of borders and to find reflections tools to break borders.

During the first semester my goal was to create a tool to reflect on the physical and psychological borders. More generally, reflect on our place within our society, mankind and environment. Developing empathy was one of the avenue worth exploring. This semester I would like to reflect on the duty we have in this environment.

I will stay in he same topic : break the psychological border and the fact that we tend to stay in our confort zone, however, this time I would like to break the borders we constructed between us and the planet. And can we develop empathy toward the planet ?

I would like to foster reflections on the fact that we are part of a whole, on the long term consequences as well as the butterfly effect of our actions/inaction/behaviour, to raise awareness of our right, duty and power as an individual to act for a greater good and a better future. Our luck, and because we are lucky how other people are unlucky.

Why this topic : because we are at a turning point of what the earth can provide, if everyone was living like in western Europe we will need 2.5 planets, like in the us it would be 4.1 planet. Personally I am using 2.1 planets, which is pretty bad. And because I am using this much I am are responsible for the fact that 750 million people around the world lack access to safe water? It is just a fractions of very deep questions, worth a thought. The good thing is that we still have a choice to educate ourselves to act and behave in a more sustainable manner and for a equity world.

My goal would be to encourage people to find a harmonious and sustainable relationship with the planet and push reflection on our current relationship with it.


The first stage in my research process is a reflection on how we occupy our time nowadays, and the questions of our habits and routines… and find out if there is still time for reflection, and where are these in-between moments. My goal is not to  remove them, they are already rare and important to keep, the ideas is more how to create more. I created these little cards where people are asked for 2 consecutive days to colours their time line, and where they the action. For each day they can propose an alternative day. Asking the question at the end of the day what I would have done differently.

One of my surprise when I looked at the results I got so far is that most people doesn’t have any moment when they do nothing. Also the action of reading appear in what they wish to do, but almost anyone find the time to read anymore, or they favour another activity. I want to compare if the fact of asking an alternative day, influenced the second day.

In the comments, some people pointed out that it was interesting to get the opportunity to reflect and think about what we actually do in our days and that is it hard to change bad habits. Someone said that it is difficult to track what we do, but also remember. We are so much in the flow of our day that we don’t even realise what we do. The data I put at the back doesn’t seems to affect the alternative days, as I didn’t get any comment on that.

I will conduct a complete analyse of the results next week.

The second stage was to think about the jobs which involve a lot of waiting, with ‘fallow time’ period. How do they occupy their time, when there is ‘nothing’ to do ? Like taxi driver, lollypops lady… and lifeguard. I know this last one particularly  well as it was my student job for 8 years. In the mind of people, it is easy you just spend your days waiting. It is true for the last part, you wait a lot but it is not easy. Your body is in pause, but you have to fight to not put your mind in pause too, as you have to constantly be alert to detect if someone need help; the noise is also very tiring. Moreover, most of the interventions are preventives. It is like ‘Minority report’ you alert or even punish before something happen, trying to visualise what could happen in the future, preventing potential accident to happen. You might think: Ok, but what is the link with the topic.

As the Lifeguard do, should we all keep an eye, not on people swimming, but on the planet and prevent disaster ?  Could we all become PLANETguard. The question is how to get people to watch and prevent the disaster ?

earth_planet guard

What I have done so far is ask my college in France to answer 10 open questions, like I would have done in an interview, but by sending a form it allow me for a first stage to get more answer from more people, with taking little of their time instead of 1 hour.

The questions are around the way they invigilate the swimming pool, how they manage to stay focussed, if they choose to prevent or wait for a problem to happen, and how they detect that something bad could happen. Finally I ask if they needed a tool or an invention to help them to do a better job. In the answers I had so far, they insist a lot on the prevention, someone even say that it is a bit like being a voyeur. Concentration comes with experience because you can detect problem before they arrive, they develop a 6th sense.  One person told me that first she use prevention but if the person doesn’t care she wait for the problem to happen so the public take consciousness of the risk. To do your job well they recommend to move, be in action, fight agains monotony, and prevention is the key word. The would suggest camera under the water, give a better education to the people, and a good one is create bionics ears to detect calls for help.

I will conduct a complete analyse of the results and what I can gain from them next week.

chaise et cameraFinally I ask them to attach a camera to the chair from where they work to film their face, to analyse the face and the method form another point of view (not my internal one). I got a video, unfortunately I might not be able to do a good thing with it as they could instal it in one of the swimming pool where there is not a lot of people, I only have 2 persons, and you feel that there is no one to look after almost.

I still have no clue of what I will do, I will keep seeking.

Means of surviving disaster

Interesting article on designboom presenting the exhibition climate capsules: means of surviving disaster – museum für kunst und gewerbe hamburg, germany

The article – In view of the advancing climate change, the exhibition ‘climate capsules: means of surviving disaster’  poses the question: ‘how do we want to live in the future?’ and draws attention to the socio-political consequences of coexistence under new climatic conditions. in relation to the issue that politicians are hesitant to enforce strict measures for climate protection and that citizens are very sluggish about altering their habits, the change appears inevitable. the world community is accordingly confronted with the challenge of investigating various possible means of adapting to climate change. this exhibition brings together historical and current climate-related models, concepts,  strategies, experiments and utopias from the areas of design, art, architecture and urban development – pursuing not the aim of stopping climate change, but envisioning means of survival after disaster has struck. The strategies presented at the exhibition aim not to slow or stop climate change but to adapt to its expected consequences. they include protective measures against flooding and overheating as well as geo-engineering, i.e. large-scale interventions in the global climate. in the past, these technologies have been usually subjected only to critical discussion in regard to their technical feasibility. until now, their possible socio-political effects have for the most part been ignored. however, according to friedrich von borries, the curators of show, their impact on the structure of the global society can hardly be overestimated. in the endeavour to make life possible independently of outward climatic conditions, these strategies encourage spatial, social and political isolation. motivated by climate-related considerations, they could well lead to inclusion and exclusion on all levels of life, from the interpersonal to the global. they create the conditions for social segregation and global polarization.

Happiness in the affluent West

On a BBC article Happiness dips in midlife in the affluent West it is argued that “in countries such as the UK and the US, life satisfaction followed a U-shape, dipping to a low in midlife.”

For this research, the data set is coming from the Gallup World Poll in more than 160 countries covering more than 98% of the world’s population. As well as physical health and pain, they considered three measures of wellbeing:

  • evaluative – how satisfied people were with their lives
  • hedonic – feelings or moods such as happiness, sadness and anger
  • eudemonic – judgements about the meaning and purpose of life

_78783305_global_life_satisfaction_624

The work by MoveHub is related to this topic. He ask the question : Which country is the happiest in the world? And made an infographics out of the result of the research. It is a visualisation of the data of Happy Planet Index (HPI), which shows to what extent 151 countries across the globe produce long, happy, and sustainable lives for their citizens. The index measures three components:

  • life expectancy
  • experience well-being
  • Ecological Footprint

happiness-around-the-world_feeldesain_01

 

 

If the world’s population lived like…

Tim De Chant created this great infographic “if the world’s population lived like…” He used data set that allows for reliable comparisons—the National Footprint Account from the Global Footprint Network. He argues that “their methodology is consistent and comprehensive. Each country’s footprint is assembled from sub-footprints, ranging from cropland to carbon to urbanization to fishing grounds.” He used only terrestrial sub-footprints.

ecological-footprint-by-country

 

It is related to my ideas and concept of the world as turntable , and how to bring responsibility on our actions which have long term consequences. We can’t continue to live the way we do ! The issue is how to change our way of living with the standard we have now ? Moreover what could be the design solutions to make this reflection and foster little changes ?

I made some research on the vocabulary around this topic : Ecological footprint  –  Earth’s energy budget  –  World energy consumption

And found this article from the MailOnlineWe’ve used up all the resources the Earth can provide for the year and are now in ‘overdraft’, campaigners warn

“The world has now reached ‘earth overshoot day’, the point in the year that humans have exhausted supplies such land, trees and fish. We have also outstripped the planet’s annual capacity to absorb waste products including carbon dioxide, the Global Footprint Network says”

And this is the Living Planet Report 2014 Facts, which doesn’t deliver good news…

Finally we shall all do this test from the WWF : HOW BIG IS YOUR ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT?

My result is not good…

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